Glam rock originated in Britain in the 70s. It was a theatrical movement and many of the artists adopted personas — adopting dramatic props such as garish costumes, makeup and glitter. The movement was particularly popular in the mainstream in the early-to-mid 70s. Marc Bolan’s vibrant appearance with T. Rex on Top of the Pops in 1971 is often seen as the definitive beginning of glam rock and the trends that followed. Glam rock artists presented an androgynous visual appearance that subverted traditional gender-roles. David Bowie was particularly influential in this regard, but his musical output, especially records such as The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars (1972), was widely acclaimed and successful in combining elements of hard rock, art rock and pop.